|Title: ||Mohajir subnationalism and the Mohajir Qaumi Movement in Sindh Province, Pakistan|
|Authors: ||Richards, Julian James|
|Issue Date: ||25-Jan-1994|
|Abstract: ||This dissertation examines the rise of the Mohajir
subnationalist movement in Sindh Province, Pakistan. It focusses on the
Mohajir Qaumi Movement (Mohajir National Movement; MQM) - the party that
has constructed a version of a Mohajir identity for political purposes.
The analysis begins with a critical examination of the Muslim
movement in British India, which culminated in the formation of
Pakistan. The political history of Pakistan up to 1993 is then examined,
with particular reference to the development of subnationalist
movements. There then follows a detailed appraisal of debates and
theories on identity, ethnicity and nationalism.
The second section of the dissertation focusses on the Province
of Sindh in southern Pakistan. It introduces the research framework and
methodologies, and details the range of interviews conducted and
archival and other sources consulted. The section proper examines,
firstly, the construction of diverse community identities in Sindh
Province, and, secondly, the MQM in terms of its political history,
patterns of mobilisation, internal structure and aims and rhetoric.
The third section of the dissertation is focussed on the city of
Karachi; very much the heartland of the MQM- I first examine how and why
the MQM came to be the city's dominant agency in the 1980s, and how it
ran a "parallel local state" in urban Sindh. I then consider the
relationship between Mohajir subnationalism and violent civil disorder
in Karachi and Hyderabad. This analysis in turn highlights certain
contradictions in the policies and activities of the MQM. These
contradictions are explored at length in a concluding chapter which
considers the rise and fall of the MQM in the wider context of stateformation
in postcolonial developing countries.|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses - Department of Geography|
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